It is a naked truth that the modern spinal surgery is oriented toward maximizing patient function and enable them to return to their normal life as quick as possible. Due to this, robotic spinal surgery has emerged, and its principal focus is on minimizing body trauma during the surgery process, while accelerating recovery times.
These technological advancements in spinal surgery have seen massive developments and approaches, particularly in minimally invasive spinal surgery. In this post, we take an in-depth look at robot-guided technology and how this innovation is leading the way for minimally-invasive spinal surgeries.
Advantages of Robotic Spinal Surgery
Robotic spinal surgery has many proven advantages to both the patient and the orthopedic surgeon. It has improved the safety of the minimally invasive surgery, enhanced the accuracy of instrumentation for the surgery and has also minimized the use of radiation during the surgery process. This process uses a state of the art technology, which is highly accurate, for the treatment of numerous spinal conditions such as spine tumors, spinal deformities, and degenerative conditions of the spine.
How Robot-Guided Technology Works?
Leading the revolution is Mazor Robotics. This company has developed the Renaissance Robotic System which enables spine surgeons to use the respective images from a 3D computerized tomography scan.
The pictures are taken in advance so as to reveal a blueprint for each particular surgical care. The information from the CT scan is then loaded into a 3D computerized planning system which in turn makes the surgeon to plan and design the procedures for the surgery with high standards of precision before opening the door of the operating room.
Inside the operating room, all the physical work of the surgery is done by the surgeon. With the help of the robot-guidance system, the instruments of the surgeon are accurately guided, based on the accurate pre-operative planning of the spinal implants placement.
To be precise, during the surgery process, the robot is placed near the patient by either directly anchoring it to the spine of the patient or by just attaching it to the patient’s bed. This robot is approximately that size of a twelve oz beverage scan with attached small arm. It can rotate and even bend, for it to put its arm on the spine in a specific trajectory and location.
This process precisely guides and improves the ability of the surgeon to safely conduct surgery, especially when the surgeon is operating through incisions that are small such as minimally invasive surgery or when dealing with cases of spinal deformity.It is critical to note that previously, the traditional X-rays were being used, but they exposed the patients to a lot of radiation. A robotic system is an approach that thrives in limiting the rates of such radiations in the operating room.
On the Forefront of Minimally-Invasive Spine Surgery
Minimally invasive surgery can be, in some cases applied to obtain good results. It utilizes incisions that are smaller thus resulting in less damage to the adjacent healthy tissues. It also results in decreased post-operation pain and accelerates faster recovery.
In most instances, minimally-invasive spinal surgery demands an increased use of intraoperative x-rays in a bid to compensate for the surgeon’s inability to visualize the spine directly. In some instances, this lack of visualization has the potential to decrease the accuracy of the surgeon as compared to open surgery. In this case, therefore, this increased exposure to radiation during this type of surgery is a great concern for the patients. Some cases of cancer have been reported due to this.
The robot-guided spine surgery technology allows the spine surgeon to conduct the MIS in a very similar fashion while minimizing the need for increased radiation during the surgery process. This technology precisely guides the tools of the surgeon so as to ensure accuracy. It also decreases tissue trauma, thus resulting to decreased bleeding, smaller scars, reduced pain and improved recovery.
It is evident that this brand new technology of robotic spine surgery is one of the safest and most effective method of correcting spine-related problems. It offers a range of complete advantages, including less health-related risks, shorter hospital stays and a faster recovery than other procedures.
The spine surgery that is robot guided is a new and advanced surgery technology that is promising and has many gains. It allows the surgeon to conduct surgical procedures that are less invasive and with smaller incisions, faster recovery, less bleeding and accelerated recovery process. It also increases the safety and accuracy of the surgery and additionally allows for the surgery process to be conducted with a reduced intra-operative radiation exposure to both the patients and the providers for the health care.
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